GEL 101 – Example of a Critical Review Project
By promoting and instructing diversity in the curriculum for
undergraduate students, diversity in education can help remove and
reduce prejudice from society.
Tip: A thesis statement should be specific, with depth and substance,
and should help illustrate how your paper will analyze, explain, or
argue about a thoughtful and focused topic.
Tip: Remember to search for information with the main concepts of your
topic, in this case the major concepts are: diversity, education,
prejudice. Also, remember to search for synonyms and alternative
words for the major concepts.
(Each number represents the five questions from the Critical Review
Chart. Use the Critical Review Chart as your guide to list all five
items for each source.)
Chang, M. J. (2002). The impact of undergraduate diversity course
on students' racial views and attitudes.
Journal of General
The journal is published by Penn State University, the Author Notes
section indicates that the author received grants from UCLA and
UMASS, and there is an extensive bibliography of sources.
This scholarly journal article states that a lack of progress in race
relations exists in society, and the article discusses how colleges and
universities play a role in addressing improved race relations. The
author argues that diversity course requirements in college will help
reduce prejudice in society.
Chang (2002) concluded that “the general education curricula can play a
meaningful role in improving our society’s racial dynamics” (p. 39).
The author’s study of diversity in college education curricula reducing
prejudice amongst students supports the thesis statement by presenting
proven and true examples. The entire article supports the thesis
statement, by narrowing in on diversity education as a means to reduce
prejudice in society. Articles such as this one, that present research
studies with facts, provide concrete evidence to support thesis ideas in
the research paper.
Gose, B. (2006, September 29). With a slew of assistants, washington
tackles diversity in many forms.
Chronicle of Higher Education,
The author’s article is appearing in a popular weekly newspaper that is
about and dedicated to educational issues, and background information
about the newspaper illustrates that it has won several awards and that
one of its columnists was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.
The focus of the article is on Washington State University, where they
decided to use a curriculum developed by the National Coalition Building
Institute that offers programs to reduce prejudice. The article
highlights how this program will make students more accepting of each
other, which will then carry out into the real world.
According to Gose (2006), after the university introduced diversity
programs into the curriculum, directors of other multicultural services
that existed before the diversity program began said that their services
were “flourishing under the new arrangement” (p. 56).
Since this is a popular source in a newspaper, the article is a little
brief, but it presents another example of a university implementing
diversity in education. This example explains that the purpose of doing
so was to reduce prejudice, which pertains to the focused thesis of the
Schneider, C. G. (2003, September 15). Diversity requirements: part of a
renewed civic education. Retrieved September 16, 2008, from
The notes at the beginning of the article on the website state that the
author is the President of the Association of American Colleges and
Universities; in addition, the website is created by higher education
professionals, and appears authoritative, accurate, current, and
This website is dedicated to issues related to diversity in education,
and this article reflects that focus through the author’s discussion
about making diversity a required subject of study for college
graduation. The author believes, and provides examples, of how
diversity in education is important to students’ social functioning,
both as human beings and as citizens.
Schneider (2003) concluded that diversity requirements in a college
education will prepare students to engage a more understanding role in
society, with interests around the globe.
This source is relevant to the research paper because all the
information found on this website pertains to the issues of teaching
diversity in higher education. A good research paper presents a
balanced argument in support of a thesis, and this website provides
balanced articles about the benefits, and challenges, of providing
diversity education to college students.
Lynch, J., Modgil, C., & Modgil, S. (1992).
Cultural diversity and
The back of the book has information about the editors, illustrating
their association with professional organizations, including colleges
and universities around the world, and highlighting some of the many
books and articles they have published, most of them related to issues
of diversity, prejudice, and education.
This book, found through the library catalog, includes four volumes, and
is a collection of articles and essays about the central issues
surrounding diversity in education. The essays that relate to the
subject of the research paper include main ideas about prejudice in
society and the role of education in eliminating prejudice. Several
relevant articles exist in this book, with an essay focusing on
Lynch, Modgil, and Modgil (1992) illustrated a need “to facilitate
educational progress towards respect for human rights” (p. 2).
This book is a relevant source because the collection of essays and
articles explores the research topic from a variety of angles. This
book helps bring a balanced, authoritative, and relevant viewpoint to
the research paper through essays that discuss the strengths and
weaknesses of diversity in education and how that education can help
O’Grady, C. R. (2000).
Integrating service learning and
in colleges and universities. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum
The editor of this book is associated with a Gustavus Adolphus College
in Minnesota, each chapter is written by various professionals in the
field of multiculturalism and education, and several professors from
universities such as The University of Georgia and The University of
Massachusetts provide favorable reviews of the book.
This book includes fifteen chapters on specific subjects, each written
by a different author, on the subject of multicultural education.
Several of the essays focus on how multicultural education can have an
effect on social conditions, thus reducing prejudice in society through
According to O’Grady (2000), “Social Reconstructionist Multicultural
Education, teaches directly about oppression, discrimination, social
justice, and how to take action against these inequities” (p. 4).
This book is tremendously relevant and includes a wealth of information
on the topic. For example, one chapter entitled “Service-Learning: Does
It Promote or Reduce Prejudice?” takes a balanced and informative look
at multicultural education, discussing the strengths and challenges in
reducing prejudice in society, through education. Ultimately, this book
supports the thesis statement that multicultural education in college
will reduce prejudice in society.