GEL 101 – Example of a Critical Review Project

Thesis Statement: By promoting and instructing diversity in the curriculum for undergraduate students, diversity in education can help remove and reduce prejudice from society.

Tip: A thesis statement should be specific, with depth and substance, and should help illustrate how your paper will analyze, explain, or argue about a thoughtful and focused topic.

Tip: Remember to search for information with the main concepts of your topic, in this case the major concepts are: diversity, education, prejudice.  Also, remember to search for synonyms and alternative words for the major concepts. 

 

(Each number represents the five questions from the Critical Review Chart.  Use the Critical Review Chart as your guide to list all five items for each source.)

Scholarly Source:

1.     Chang, M. J. (2002). The impact of undergraduate diversity course requirement   

     on students' racial views and attitudes. Journal of General Education, 51(1),   

     21-42.

2.    The journal is published by Penn State University, the Author Notes section indicates that the author received grants from UCLA and UMASS, and there is an extensive bibliography of sources.

3.    This scholarly journal article states that a lack of progress in race relations exists in society, and the article discusses how colleges and universities play a role in addressing improved race relations.  The author argues that diversity course requirements in college will help reduce prejudice in society. 

4.    Chang (2002) concluded that “the general education curricula can play a meaningful role in improving our society’s racial dynamics” (p. 39). 

5.    The author’s study of diversity in college education curricula reducing prejudice amongst students supports the thesis statement by presenting proven and true examples.  The entire article supports the thesis statement, by narrowing in on diversity education as a means to reduce prejudice in society.  Articles such as this one, that present research studies with facts, provide concrete evidence to support thesis ideas in the research paper.    

Popular Source

1.    Gose, B. (2006, September 29). With a slew of assistants, washington state u.

     tackles diversity in many forms. Chronicle of Higher Education, 53(6), 56-56.

2.     The author’s article is appearing in a popular weekly newspaper that is about and dedicated to educational issues, and background information about the newspaper illustrates that it has won several awards and that one of its columnists was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.

3.    The focus of the article is on Washington State University, where they decided to use a curriculum developed by the National Coalition Building Institute that offers programs to reduce prejudice.  The article highlights how this program will make students more accepting of each other, which will then carry out into the real world.

4.    According to Gose (2006), after the university introduced diversity programs into the curriculum, directors of other multicultural services that existed before the diversity program began said that their services were “flourishing under the new arrangement” (p. 56).

5.    Since this is a popular source in a newspaper, the article is a little brief, but it presents another example of a university implementing diversity in education.  This example explains that the purpose of doing so was to reduce prejudice, which pertains to the focused thesis of the research paper.

Website Source

1.    Schneider, C. G. (2003, September 15). Diversity requirements: part of a  

     renewed civic education.  Retrieved September 16, 2008, from   

     http://www.diversityweb.org/digest/W00/research2.html

2.    The notes at the beginning of the article on the website state that the author is the President of the Association of American Colleges and Universities; in addition, the website is created by higher education professionals, and appears authoritative, accurate, current, and relevant. 

3.    This website is dedicated to issues related to diversity in education, and this article reflects that focus through the author’s discussion about making diversity a required subject of study for college graduation.  The author believes, and provides examples, of how diversity in education is important to students’ social functioning, both as human beings and as citizens.

4.    Schneider (2003) concluded that diversity requirements in a college education will prepare students to engage a more understanding role in society, with interests around the globe.

5.    This source is relevant to the research paper because all the information found on this website pertains to the issues of teaching diversity in higher education.  A good research paper presents a balanced argument in support of a thesis, and this website provides balanced articles about the benefits, and challenges, of providing diversity education to college students.   

Additional Source

1.    Lynch, J., Modgil, C., & Modgil, S. (1992). Cultural diversity and the schools.

     London: Falmer.

2.    The back of the book has information about the editors, illustrating their association with professional organizations, including colleges and universities around the world, and highlighting some of the many books and articles they have published, most of them related to issues of diversity, prejudice, and education.

3.    This book, found through the library catalog, includes four volumes, and is a collection of articles and essays about the central issues surrounding diversity in education.  The essays that relate to the subject of the research paper include main ideas about prejudice in society and the role of education in eliminating prejudice.  Several relevant articles exist in this book, with an essay focusing on university education. 

4.    Lynch, Modgil, and Modgil (1992) illustrated a need “to facilitate educational progress towards respect for human rights” (p. 2).

5.    This book is a relevant source because the collection of essays and articles explores the research topic from a variety of angles.  This book helps bring a balanced, authoritative, and relevant viewpoint to the research paper through essays that discuss the strengths and weaknesses of diversity in education and how that education can help reduce prejudice. 

Additional Source

1.     O’Grady, C. R. (2000).  Integrating service learning and multicultural education

     in colleges and universities. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

2.    The editor of this book is associated with a Gustavus Adolphus College in Minnesota, each chapter is written by various professionals in the field of multiculturalism and education, and several professors from universities such as The University of Georgia and The University of Massachusetts provide favorable reviews of the book.

3.    This book includes fifteen chapters on specific subjects, each written by a different author, on the subject of multicultural education.  Several of the essays focus on how multicultural education can have an effect on social conditions, thus reducing prejudice in society through higher education. 

4.    According to O’Grady (2000), “Social Reconstructionist Multicultural Education, teaches directly about oppression, discrimination, social justice, and how to take action against these inequities” (p. 4). 

5.    This book is tremendously relevant and includes a wealth of information on the topic.  For example, one chapter entitled “Service-Learning: Does It Promote or Reduce Prejudice?” takes a balanced and informative look at multicultural education, discussing the strengths and challenges in reducing prejudice in society, through education.  Ultimately, this book supports the thesis statement that multicultural education in college will reduce prejudice in society.