News article, no DOI, in Lexis Nexis Academic
Wildstrom, S.H. (1999, Apr. 5 ). A big boost for net privacy. Business Week, p. 23. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Common Business Citations in APA Format
Consult the Publications Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) for detailed explanations and additional examples. Copies are available at the Cal State San Marcos Research Help Desk (BF76.7.P83 2009) or on Reserve.
A URL is not a citation nor is it a company name. When citing an entry or article from within a restricted access database such as ReferenceUSA, Proquest's ABI Inform do not use the whole URL string as these are session dependent.
Authors, use only first and
Electronic Databases. Cite ONLY home URL for the database. Do not cite the whole URL for the entry or article as it is session specific and will not lead to anything.
How to cite in text
Cite as (last name or company name, year). Example: (Longboard Grotto, 2003).
Recommended Citation Generators
A note of caution about Citation Generators.... NOT ALL ARE ACCURATE! Like everything you need to know the basics and use them with caution and expect to have to make corrections.
EbscoHost databases and Proquest have built in citation generators for each article. Use Cite This, or email citation. Know bug: Proquest authors and dates may need reformatting.
KnightCite developed by Hekman Library Calvin College
Son of Citation Machine
DocsCite developed by Arizona State University to help cite government documents
Owl at Purdue APA Style. Highly recommended
Sample paper with notations to APA instructions in Manual
Cite the article as you would any print article and add the electronic access information at the end.
DOI: To access electronic articles preference is given to supplying an Digital Object Identifier, a unique number for an article. Inclusion of the DOI, if available, facilitates retrieval
How to find a DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
If no DOI end with the home page, do not paste the whole URL, of the database name, http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Articles, News or Trade
Example: Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the hiring
process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and
Research, 45(2), 10-36. doi:
Author (date). Title of work.
Retrieved from http://homeurlonly.htm
Title of company (date). Publisher, database source. Retrieved from source name.
Entries in library databases
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. In Title of book or larger web document (chapter or section number). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ (courtesy of Owl at Purdue)
U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). Musical instrument and supplies stores NAICS: 45114. Washington DC: Author. Retrieved January 21, 2010 from the World Wide Web: http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/IQRTable?_bm=y&-ds_name=EC0700A1&-NAICS2007=45114&-_lang=en.
Data Set (user created)
For customized datasets derived from an electronic database
Encyclopedia, Reference Source
or Chapter in a book
See Reference list: other print sources. In Purdue Owl.
See Lexis Nexis guidance for legal citations use the Uniform System of Case Citation (Blue Book).
|Example: Steuer, D. (2010).
Section 2: Effects of economic downturn. 2010 county of San Diego
economic roundtable. Retrieved January 21, 2010 from
APA rules states that you cite your interviews or emails in the text only since they are not retrievable. Your professor may also require you to list them in the Works Cited list.
|Example: (J. Welch, personal communication, January 21, 2010)|
Additional style citation guides:
Style guide finder: Quick summaries of MLA, APA, Chicago, and others, including how to cite online sources.
Submit your own examples
Cecilia Villegas, CoBA CSUSM '05 and Ann Fiegen
Cal State San Marcos
July 2003 rev.1/10