Paraphrase is a re-expression of someone else's ideas in
your own words. While it is true that you do not have to enclose
paraphrased information in quotes, you are still responsible for giving
proper attribution to the original source of the information and for
making sufficiently substantial changes that the paraphrase is a genuinely
new expression of the idea, not merely a trivial rewording of the original
paraphrase is perhaps the most common type of 'accidental' plagiarism.
First, it is important to recognize that paraphrased
material must be credited.
Second, how you paraphrase can determine whether the
material is considered plagiarized.
Intellectual honesty is the admission that humanity is linked together in
a kind of collective learning process. Very little is discovered "de
novo," that is, without a solid foundation in other researchers' previous
exploration and understanding. Citation is an act of humility and an act
of appreciation for what other scholars have pieced together about the
nature of a particular problem or an aspect of some phenomenon.
Unacceptable paraphrase is
usually caused by making only superficial changes to the original text
such as replacing some of the words with synonyms or changing the sentence
order. The paraphrase is so close to the original that it is considered
essentially a direct quote without attribution. Unacceptable paraphrase,
particularly close paraphrase, usually shows the student does not have a
significant understanding of the subject and opens the possibility of
misrepresenting the original author's ideas.
Unacceptable paraphrase examples
When you have achieved an acceptable paraphrase, it feels
dramatically different. It sounds like an entirely new way of expressing the
idea even though every effort has been made to capture the original meaning.
Acceptable Close Paraphrase:
As with all cases of partial plagiarism, it is possible to use a close
paraphrase with the appropriate attribution and citation style. While direct
quotation is almost always preferred, close paraphrase might be used in
cases where the quoted passage uses some difficult to understand terms, or
is unnecessarily long for the purposes of the paper, or uses an inconvenient